About the glossary
This electronic glossary is a tool to help you to understand frequently used terms used in the European Union and the Russian Federation in the field of chemicals and hazardous substance management. It was prepared with the aim to fill a gap in the common understanding of both systems of Russia and the EU by comparing the related terms to each other. This comparison is available in Russian and English.
Moreover, the glossary particularly addresses professionals of the new EU Member States in the Eastern Baltic Sea Region, by having translated the EU terminology and the explanations additionally into Estonian, Latvian, Lithuanian, and Polish.
How to use the glossary:
- Select the term list [A] from which the term originates, which you want to get to know more about: either it is an EU term or a term from the Russian system.
- Select the language of your search term. It can be either English, Estonian, Latvian, Lithuanian, Polish or Russian. Note: Terms from the Russian system are only available in either English or Russian, but not in the other languages.
- Select your term in the alphabetical list [C]. You can also filter the list by entering your term or part of it in the filter field [B].
- The result will be displayed in English on the top [D1] and [E1] and in other languages on the bottom (depending on your search selection) [D2] and [E2]
- The fields [D] represent the EU system and the fields [E] represent the Russian system for better comparison of equivalent terms.
The following documents provide you with more detailed information about hazardous substances, the system of their management from Russian and European perspectives. The selection of documents pays especially attention to the relevance for the Baltic Sea Region.
General information about hazardous substances
A million reasons why to know about hazardous substances
Informational brochure for wide audience, explaining sources and effects of some hazardous substances in everyday life in easy language. Describes alternative options to avoid coming in contact with these substances. Available in Russian and English.
> Download the document in English
Informaton about the Systems of chemicals management
Russian system of chemicals management
A brief explanation of Russian system of chemicals management, pointing out main understandings of hazard concept, classification and responsible authorities. Available in Russian and English
> Download the document in English.
“The EU hazard concept” and EU approaches towards chemicals management
The document provides a short overview of how ‘hazard’ is defined and understood in different European legal acts, as well as international conventions specifically explaining these for a Russian audience. Available in Russian and English
> Download the document in English
More specific information
Recommendations, guidance and case studies
Profiles of HELCOM priority hazardous substances
A brief overview of the HELCOM priority substances, including physical, chemical and toxicological properties. It provides a short overview of legal regulations in EU and Russian Federation and includes identification of main emission sources and pathways in St. Petersburg and Leningrad region. Available only in Russian.
> Download the profiles in Russian
Substance flow analysis case study report of St. Petersburg city and Leningrad region (Russia)
Analysis of potential sources and quantification of amounts of 11 HELCOM priority hazardous substances from St. Petersburg and Leningrad region. Done in frame of international project COHIBA by a commonly agreed methodology with other countries around the Baltic Sea. Similar reports from other countries can be found at www.cohiba-project.net. Available only in English.
> Download the document in English
The handbook provide help to enterprises of different industry branches in decision making regarding the substitution of hazardous chemicals in processes and products. It presents both theoretical overviews and several examples of already developed substitutions in order to illustrate not only the challenges, but also some ways and means, which may be utilised. Available only in English
> Download the document in English
Досье группы веществ из списка ХЕЛКОМ
Анализ потоков вещества подготовлен в рамках проекта «Контроль опасных веществ в регионе Балтийского моря (COHIBA)» при финансовой поддержке Европейского фонда регионального развития Европейского Союза. В 2011 г. аналогичная оценка выполняется и для других стран Балтийского региона с целью создания моделей по определению нагрузки и путей попадания приоритетных опасных веществ ХЕЛКОМ в Балтийское море, более подробную информацию вы можете найти на сайте www.cohiba-project.net.
Русскоязычная версия и адаптация краткой информации о веществах для региона Санкт-Петербург подготовлены при финансовой поддержке Федерального министерства по делам окружающей среды, охраны природы и ядерной безопасности Германии и Федерального ведомства по охране окружающей среды Германии в рамках Программы консультативной помощи по охране окружающей среды в государствах Центральной и Восточной Европы, Кавказа и Центральной Азии.
Пожалуйста, посетите сайт нашего многоязычного электронного глоссария http://hs.befgroup.net, где содержится более 300 терминов по управлению опасными химическими веществами в Российской Федерации и европейском Союзе, и который позволяет быстро получить сравнение их содержания в российской и европейской системах.
|№ 1||Диоксины, фураны и диоксиноподобные полихлорированные бифенилы (ПХБ)||Скачать PDF|
|№ 2||Соединения трибутилолова (ТБО) и трифенилтилолова (ТФТО)||Скачать PDF|
|№ 3||Полибромдифениловые эфиры (ПБДЭ)||Скачать PDF|
|№ 4||Перфтороктановый сульфонат (ПФОС) и перфтороктановая кислота (ПФОК)||Скачать PDF|
|№ 5||Гексабромциклододекан (ГБЦДД)||Скачать PDF|
|№ 6а||Нонилфенол (НФ)||Скачать PDF|
|№ 6b||Нонилфенол этоксилаты (НФЭ)||Скачать PDF|
|№ 7а||Октилфенолы (ОФ)||Скачать PDF|
|№ 7b||Октилфенол этоксилаты (ОФЭ)||Скачать PDF|
|№ 8а||Хлорированные парафины с короткой цепью (С10-13)||Скачать PDF|
|№ 8b||Хлорированные парафины со средней цепью (С14-17)||Скачать PDF|
|№ 9||Эндосульфан||Нет досье|
|№ 10||Ртуть||Скачать PDF|
|№ 11||Кадмий||Скачать PDF|
Find a list of useful links on important issues related to hazardous substances on EU and international level, as well as in Russia.
|Helsinkin Commission HELCOM||Helsinki Convention on the Protection of the Marine Environment of the Baltic Sea Area, works to protect the marine environment of the Baltic Sea from all sources of pollution through intergovernmental co-operation between Denmark, Estonia, the European Community, Finland, Germany, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Russia and Sweden.|
|European Chemicals Agency||European Chemicals Agency - Agency of the European Union which manages the technical, scientific and administrative aspects of chemicals management policies.|
|Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation||The ministry is in charge of the development of Technical Regualtions defining the requirements for chemical safety on technical installations as well as the development of National Action Plan for the rehabilitation and improvement of the Baltic Sea.|
|Department of Federal Service for Nature Management in the North-West Federal District (of Russia)||The Department is responsible for the control and surveillance of use of fauna, forests, water resources and ensuring biological and chemical safety in the Russian Federation.|
|Committee on Natural Resources, Environmental Protection and Ecological Safety in St.Petersburg Environmental portal||The committee is responsible for control of air, water resources, soil, industrial waste (incl. hazardous and radioactive wastes) on the territory of St.-Petersburg (for the sites outside of federal jurisdiction). They develop and implement their Action Plan on chemical safety in St.-Petersburg in 2011 - 2015.|
|Russian Chemists Union||The Russian Chemists Union is organization workshops and training for the enterprises of chemical industry on the topic of REACH, CLP, GHS requirements.|
|Regional Toxicological and Hygienic Information Centre (TOXI)||Development of information monitoring systems of potentially hazardous substances.
Development of chemicals database and chemical portal with relevant information on legislation.
Implementation of Action Plan on chemical safety in St.-Petersburg in 2011 - 2015.
Key Legal acts EU
|EU regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 on classification, labelling and packaging of chemical substances and mixtures (CLP)||Regulation with which the European Union implements UN Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS).|
|REACH Regulation (Regulation on Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals.) (EC 1907/2006)||European regulation which regulates production and use of all chemicals in the EU market.|
|Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a framework for the Community action in the field of water policy||Regulates the management (use and protection) of European surface water bodies. It aims to ensure good chemicals status of surface water by 2015. Amongst others, sets Ennvironmental Qality Standarts for waters with regards to several substance groups.|
|Best Available Technique (BAT) Reference Documents (BREF)||EU reference documents of best available techniques in 35 industrial sectors. Continuously updated.|
Key Russian Federal legal acts
|Federal Law of March 30 1999 No.52-FZ "On sanitary and epidemiological welfare of population"||Law deals with state registration of potentially hazardous chemical substances, setting requirements on specific products, industrial and household wastes.|
|Federal Law of January 10 2002 No.7-FZ "On Environmental Protection"||Law stipulates protection of the environment in manufacturing and use of chemicals as pollutants - limits and regulations of allowable emissions and discharge of chemicals, maximum concentration limit values, environment pollution fee.|
|Federal Law of July 19, 1997 No. 109-FZ "On Safe Handling of Pesticides and Agrochemicals"||Law determines legal requirements for pesticides and agrochemicals management.|
|Regulation of Russian Government of January 28, 2008||Conception of the Federal targeted programme "National system of chemical and biological safety in Russian Federation"|
HELCOM Dcouments and recommendations and international conventions
|Baltic Sea Action Plan||The HELCOM Baltic Sea Action Plan is aprogramme to restore the good ecological status of the Baltic marine environment by 2021. One part of it is specifically dedicated to hazardous substances and which requires the countries around the Baltic Sea to take action.|
|Recommendation 31/E1 – Implementing Helcom’s objective for hazardous substances||Find the fulltext of recommendations of the HELSINKI Commission to meet its object with regard to hazardous substances in the Baltic Sea.|
|Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants||Global treaty to protect human health and the environment from chemicals that remain intact in the environment for long periods, become widely distributed geographically, accumulate in the fatty tissue of humans and wildlife, and have adverse effects to human health or to the environment.|
|Order of the Government of Russian Federation of March 26, 2010||Development of National Action Plan for the rehabilitation and improvement of the Baltic Sea ecosystem.|
Guidance and handbooks
|eREACH - online REACH Training||The purpose of this web-site is to raise awareness of REACH and to support actors to learn how the new regulation will function. This E-learning addresses employees of all kinds of chemical using and trading enterprises including - but not limited to - function areas which may have little or no background knowledge on chemicals (English/German/Danish)|
International projects in the Baltic Sea Region
|COHIBA (Control of Hazardous substances in the Baltic Sea Region)||The COHIBA Project was aimed to identify sources and inputs of the 11 hazardous substances, which are largely unknown and develop measures to reduce these substances.|
|BaltHazar (Baltic Hazardous and Agricultural Releases Reduction)||The overall objective of the BALTHAZAR project was to promote protection of the Baltic Sea protection from hazardous waste and agricultural nutrient loading. Implementation of this pilot project in Russia facilitates the achievement of the environmental objectives of the hazardous substances and eutrophication segments of the HELCOM Baltic Sea Action Plan through assistance to the development of national action plans and prioritization of necessary measures.|
|BASE||The project is starting in June 2012 and continuing the road built up by the BALTHAZAR project.|
|Baltic Actions for the reduction of Pollution of the Baltic Sea from Priority Hazardous Substances (BaltActHaz)||The project incorporates many activities which have the common aim to reduce the pollution from hazardous substances in the Baltic Sea. Propose relevant monitoring measures through investigating the occurrence of priority hazardous substances and pollutants, tracking the possible pollution sources and helping to enhance chemicals management in enterprises by improving the quality of environmental permits and proposing to substitute hazardous chemicals in the production process with less hazardous substances.|
|SOCOPSE (Source control of priority substances in Europe)||Project focusing on source control of priority substances in Europe. The main target groups for these products and results were water managers, industry and other stakeholders engaged in the planning for good status of water in European river basins.|
Links may change, so we are happy if you drop us a line and provide us with information if you know the new or correct line.